An Atlas of Alexander J. Ellis's
The Existing Phonology of English Dialects
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Ellis's Methods





AES - Atlas of English sounds, Kolb (1979)

EDG - The English dialect grammar, Wright (1905)

EEP - On early English pronunciation, Ellis (1869-1889)

EPED - The existing phonology of English dialects, Ellis (1889)

LAE - Linguistic atlas of England, Orton et al. (1978)

LAS - The linguistic atlas of Scotland, Mather and Speitel (1975, 1977, 1986); LAS3 - Vol. 3, Phonology (1986)

PANR - Phonological atlas of the northern region, Kolb (1966)

SED - Survey of English dialects (B0, The basic materials, Orton and Dieth (1962-1971)

SAED - A structural atlas of the English dialects, Anderson (1987)


Anderson, Peter. 1977. A new light on Early English Pronunciation. Transactions of the Yorkshire Dialect Society. 77(14). 32-41.

Anderson, Peter. 1987. A structural atlas of the English dialects. North Ryde, New South Wales: Croom Helm.

Britain, D. (2008). ‘When is a change not a change? A case study on the dialect origins of New Zealand English’. Language Variation and Change, 20(2). 187-223.

Chambers, J. K. and Peter Trudgill. 1980. Dialectology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dieth, Eugen. 1946. A new survey of English dialects. Essays and studies 32. 74-104.

Ellis, Alexander. 1869-1889. On early English pronunciation. New York: Greenwood Press.

Ellis, Alexander. 1889. The existing phonology of English dialects, compared with that of West Saxon speech. New York: Greenwood Press.

Ellis, Alexander. 1890. English dialects, their sounds and homes: Being an abridgment of the author's Existing Phonology of English Dialects. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.

Eustace, Sinclair. 1969. The meaning of the Palaeotype in A. J. Ellis’s On Early English Pronunciation 1869-89. Transactions of the Philological Society 68(1). 31-79.

Jones, Charles. 2006. English Pronunciation in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Jones, Mark. 2002. The origin of Definite Article Reduction in northern English dialects: evidence from dialect allomorphy. English language and linguistics 6(2). 325-345.

Kökeritz, Helge. 1932. The phonology of the Suffolk dialect: Descriptive and historical. Uppsala: A.-B. Lundequistska Bokhandeln.

Kolb, Eduard. 1966. Phonological atlas of the northern region. Bern: Francke.

Kolb, Eduard. 1979. Atlas of English sounds. Bern: Francke.

Kortmann, Bernd, and Susanne Wagner. 2010. Changes and Continuities in Dialect Grammar. Eighteenth-Century English. 269-91.

Local, John. 1983. Making a transcription: The evolution of A. J. Ellis’s Palaeotype. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 13(1). 2-12.

Maguire, Warren. 2003. “Mr. A. J. Ellis - the pioneer of scientific phonetics in England” (Sweet 1877, vii): an examination of Ellis’s data from the northeast of England. Paper presented at the Henry Sweet Society for the History of Linguistic Ideas annual colloquium, August 2003. Trinity College, Dublin. NOTE: This paper was written a long time ago for a conference and hasn't been revised since.

Maguire, Warren. 2012a. Pre-R dentalisation in northern England. English language and linguistics 16(3). 361-384.

Maguire, Warren. 2012b. Mapping The Existing Phonology of English Dialects. Dialectologia et Geolinguistica 20. 84-107.

Mather, James and Hans-Henning Speitel. 1975, 1977, 1986. The linguistic atlas of Scotland, Scots section. Beckenham: Croom Helm.

Morton, Alan. 2011. Distribution mapping software (DMAP).

Orton, Harold and Eugen Dieth (eds.). 1962-1971. Survey of English dialects (B): The basic material. Leeds: Arnold & Son.

Orton, Harold, Stewart Sanderson and John Widdowson (eds.). 1978. The linguistic atlas of England. London: Routledge.

Petyt, Keith. 1980. The study of dialect: An introduction to dialectology. London: Deutsch.

Rydland, Kurt. 1982. Vowel systems and lexical-phonemic patterns in south-east Cumbria: A study in structural dialectology. Bergen: University of Bergen.

Sayers, David. 2009. Reversing Babel: Declining linguistic diversity and the flawed attempts to protect it. PhD Dissertation: University of Essex.

Shorrocks, Graham. 1991. A. J. Ellis as dialectologist: A reassessment. Historiographia linguistica XVIII(2/3). 321-334.

Staples, J. H. 1896. Notes on Ulster English dialect for comparison with English dialects by the late A. J. Ellis, F.R.S., with samples in Palaeotype, comparison specimen and wordlist. Transactions of the Philological Society 23(2): 357-398.

Sweet, Henry. 1877. A handbook of phonetics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Trudgill, Peter. 2004. New-dialect formation: The inevitability of colonial Englishes. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Upton, Clive, David Parry and John Widdowson. 1994. Survey of English dialects: The dictionary and grammar. London and New York: Routledge.

Wakelin, Martyn. 1972. English dialects: An introduction. London: Athlone Press.

Wakelin, Martyn. 1984. Rural dialects in England. In Peter Trudgill (ed.) Language in the British Isles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 70-93.

Wells, John. 1982. Accents of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wettstein, Paul. 1942. The phonology of a Berwickshire dialect. Bienne: Schüler.

Wright, Joseph. 1892. A grammar of the dialect of Windhill in the West Riding of Yorkshire. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.

Wright, Joseph. 1905. The English dialect grammar. Oxford, London, Edinburgh, Glasgow, New York & Toronto: Henry Frowde.

All maps on this website are © Warren Maguire. See About (Æ) for further information.